A Canadian citizen and a permanent resident have three differences

A Canadian citizen and a permanent resident have three differences

Prospective immigrants frequently inquire about the distinction between a Canadian citizen and a permanent resident of Canada. An individual who has immigrated to Canada and been granted permanent resident status is referred to as having a permanent residence. Permanent residents are nationals of other nations rather than Canadian Pr To Citizenship. The desire to become a citizen of Canada is shared by many potential immigrants. But you must first be a permanent resident of Canada before you can apply to become a citizen.

A permanent residence (PR) card is automatically given to you once you are a permanent resident. In essence, a PR card is a Canadian version of a US green card.

An individual has a number of rights once they are granted permanent residency in Canada, including:

  1.  Access to healthcare and other social benefits available to all Canadian citizens
  2. The freedom to work, study, and reside anywhere in Canada
  3. Protection under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and the law
  4. The ability to apply for citizenship in Canada

A permanent resident must first become a citizen before they can apply for citizenship. Here are three key distinctions between citizens and permanent residents of Canada:

1.  PR Card vs. Canadian Passport

Permanent residents of Canada are not issued Canadian passports. In order to leave the country, permanent residents must have a current PR card or Permanent Resident Travel Document (PRTD) as well as their passport from their home country.

PR cards must be renewed on a regular basis because they have an expiration date. However, if your PR card expires, you do not immediately lose your status as a permanent resident. You do need to fulfil certain residency requirements in order to keep your permanent resident status.

2. Possibility of Living Outside of Canada

You are permitted to reside outside of Canada as a permanent resident. However, you must spend at least two years of each five-year period residing in Canada. You risk losing your status if you stay longer outside of Canada. However, there are some exceptions. For instance, time spent travelling outside of Canada with a spouse, common-law partner, or parent who is a Canadian Pr To Citizenship may be taken into account when determining residency. If a Canadian company assigns you to a job outside of Canada, the time spent there can also be counted.

You do not automatically lose your status as a permanent resident even if you don’t fulfil the residency requirements. The only way to lose your status is by following a formal procedure.

Once they have fulfilled certain residency requirements, permanent residents can apply for citizenship. They are eligible to apply for a Canadian passport and are free to take part in Canadian politics as a naturalised citizen of Canada. In actuality, there are no distinctions between Canadian citizens who were naturalised and those who were born there.

The main distinction between a permanent resident and a citizen, aside from citizenship’s right to vote in Canadian elections, is how long the former must continue to reside in Canada. As soon as you become a citizen of Canada, you are automatically a citizen. Only renunciation of your Canadian citizenship will result in its loss.

3. Possibility of voting or running for office

Many of the social obligations of Canadian citizenship, such as paying taxes and abiding by Canadian laws, are also shared by Canadian permanent residents. Actually, there are only two things that permanent residents cannot do that Canadian citizens can. Permanent residents of Canada are not eligible to vote or run for office. Additionally, there are some limitations on the employment of permanent residents in certain government positions requiring a high level of security clearance.


Contact a skilled immigration attorney at Sunland Education & Immigration Consultants to learn more about citizenship or permanent residence in Canada. Without assistance, moving to Canada can be challenging. An experienced immigration lawyer can guide you in all your decisions and pave the way for a successful outcome.



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